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Study Guide › Desert Operations

  1. Even though desert terrain varies considerably from place to place, there is one common feature of all deserts. What is that common feature ?
    Lack of water

  2. Successful desert operations require adaptation to what ?
    The environment and to the limitations its terrain and climate impose

  3. What is the basic definition of a desert?
    Arid, barren regions of the earth incapable of supporting normal life due to lack of water

  4. What are the three types of desert terrain ?
    Mountain
    Rocky plateau
    Sandy or dune terrain

  5. Describe mountain deserts.
    Mountain deserts are characterized by scattered ranges or areas of barren hills or mountains, separated by dry, flat basins

  6. Describe Rocky Plateau Deserts:
    Rocky plateau deserts are extensive flat areas with quantities of solid or broken rock at or near the surface.

  7. Describe Sandy or Dune Deserts:
    Sandy or dune deserts are extensive flat areas covered with sand or gravel, the product of ancient deposits or modern wind erosion.

  8. What is the highest known ambient temperature recorded in a desert ?
    136 degrees Fahrenheit

  9. What is the most important single characteristic of the desert ?
    The lack of water

  10. Name some snakes common to deserts:
    Sand
    Vipers
    Cobras

  11. Lack of natural concealment has been known to induce what fear in some troops ?
    Agoraphobia (fear of open spaces)

  12. In a desert environment, it is important that unit leaders monitor their troops carefully for signs of heat distress and adjust what ?

    Work Schedules
    Work Rates
    Rest
    Water consumption according to conditions

  13. A lack of alertness can indicate early stages of what ?
    Dehydration

  14. Chronic dehydration increases the incidence of what several medical problems ?

    Constipation Piles (hemorrhoids)
    Kidney Stones
    Urinary Infections

  15. At the first evidence of heat illness, what should the troops do ?
    Stop work, get into shade and rehydrate

  16. Contact lenses are very difficult to maintain in the dry dusty environment of the desert and should not be worn except by military personnel operating in what ?
    Air conditioned environments, under command guidance.

  17. Maintaining safe, clean, water supplies is critical. The best containers for small quantities of water (5 gallons) are plastic water cans or coolers. How long does water last in both plastic and metal containers ?
    Water in plastic cans will be good for up to 72 hours Water in metal containers is safe only for 24 hours

  18. If water trailers are kept cool, how long is the water considered fresh and safe to drink ?
    Up to 5 days

  19. If ice is placed into a water trailer to keep it cool, what should happen prior to moving the trailer to prevent damage to the inside lining of the water trailer ?
    The ice should be removed

  20. What is a use of water that is not fit to drink but is not otherwise dangerous (it may be merely oversalinated) ?
    May be used to wet clothing to aid in cooling

  21. When carrying your water supply during a mission, how should the water containers be stored ?
    Try to vibration by clamping them firmly to the vehicle body.
    In the shade and benefit from an air draft.
    In an area protected from puncture by shell splinters.
    Able to be easily dismounted in case of vehicle evacuation.

  22. What is the best indicator of proper hydration ?
    Urine

  23. All unit leaders must understand the critical importance of maintaining the proper hydration status. Almost any contingency of military operations will act to interfere with the maintenance of hydration. What are the considerations for proper hydration during desert operations ?
    Drink before you become thirsty and drink often, When you become thirsty you will be about a "quart and a half low"
    Carry as much water as possible when away from approved sources of drinking water
    Drink before you work; carry water in your belly, do not "save" it in your canteen
    Ensure troops have at least one canteen of water in reserve, and know where and when water re-supply will be available

  24. Gaseous drinks such as sodas, beer, and milk are not good substitutes for water because of what ?
    Their dehydrating effects.

  25. Diseases common to the desert include ?

    Typhoid
    Malaria
    Typhus
    Dysentery
    Cholera
    Dengue fever
    Plague

  26. Most diarrheal diseases result from ingestion of water or food contaminated with what ?
    Feces.

  27. What are the ten characteristics of the desert environment which may adversely affect equipment used in the desert ?
    1. Terrain
    2. Heat
    3. Winds
    4. Dust and sand
    5. Humidity
    6. Temperature variations
    7. Thermal bending
    8. Optical path bending
    9. electricity
    10. Radiant light.

  28. What is the major problem with radios in a desert environment ?
    Overheating

  29. What are some steps that may be taken to reduce the heat effects on radio equipment ?
    Keep radios out of direct sunlight Place a piece of wood on top of the radio.
    Leaving space between the wood and the top of the radio will help cool the equipment
    Operating the radio on low power whenever possible will also help
    Place wet rags on top of radios to help keep them cool and operational.
    Do not cover the vents.

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