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Study Guide › Field Sanitation

  1. What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone ?
    5 gallons

  2. A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source ?
    100 ft

  3. What is Potable water ?
    Water that is safe to drink

  4. What are the measurements of a straddle trench ?
    1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep

  5. How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold ?
    36 gallons

  6. How deep is a cat hole ?
    6 to 12 inches

  7. What is a communicable disease ?
    A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person

  8. What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation ?
    1. Fingers
    2. Feces
    3. Flies
    4. Foods
    5. Fluids

  9. What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare ?
    Immunization and personal hygiene

  10. What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team ?
    FM 4-25.12

  11. What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation ?
    FM 21-10

  12. What is Field Sanitation ?
    The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.

  13. What is a vector ?
    Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus

  14. What is palatable water ?
    Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe

  15. What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army ?
    1. Respiratory
    2. Intestinal
    3. Insect borne
    4. Venereal
    5. Miscellaneous

  16. What are some diseases carried by the fly ?
    Typhoid Cholera Dysentery

  17. What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field ?
    1. Drink only from approved sources
    2. Conserve water
    3. Do not contaminate your sources

  18. What are the three most common poison plants ?
    1. Poison ivy
    2. Poison oak
    3. Poison sumac

  19. Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall ?
    At least 100 meters downhill or downstream

  20. What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito ?
    Yellow Fever

  21. What are some methods for human waste disposal ?
    Straddle trench
    Mound latrine
    Burn out latrine
    Deep pit
    Bore hole latrines
    Pail latrines
    Urine soak pits

  22. How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area ?
    30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.

  23. Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time ?
    8 percent

  24. Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases ?
    Common diarrhea
    Paratyphoid fever

  25. What are two ways to purify water ?
    1. Iodine tablets
    2. Boiling

  26. Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink ?
    Medical personnel


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