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Study Guide › Physical Training

  1. What manual covers Physical Fitness Training ?
    TC 3-22.20 (formerly FM 21-20 w/Change 1)

  2. What are the three phases of physical conditioning ?
    1. Preparatory
    2. Conditioning
    3. Maintenance

  3. About how long is the preparatory phase ?
    2 weeks

  4. About how long is the conditioning phase ?
    The conditioning phase ends when a soldier is physically mission-capable and all personal,strength-related goals and unit-fitness goals have been met.

  5. What is a MFT ?
    Master Fitness Trainer.
    A Master Fitness Trainer (MFT)is a soldier who has completed either the four-week active-component, two week reserve-component, or U.S. Military Academy's MFT course work.
    Although called"masters," MFTs are simply soldiers who know about all aspects of physical fitness training and how soldiers' bodies function.
    Most importantly, since MFTs are taught to design individual and unit programs, they should be used by commanders as special staff assistants for this purpose.

  6. What does FITT stand for ?
    (this acronym makes it easy to remember the key factors in the training program)

  7. What is Da Form 3349 ?
    Physical profile form

  8. What is the objective of physical fitness training ?
    To enhance soldiers' abilities to meet the physical demands of war.

  9. What are the three periods of a normal daily exercise routine ?
    1. Warm-up
    2. Conditioning
    3. Cool-down

  10. What are the commands to get a unit from a normal line formation into an extended rectangular formation ?
    1. Extend to the left, march
    2. Arms downward, move
    3. Left, Face
    4. Extend to the left, march
    5. Arms downward, move
    6. Right, face
    7. From front to rear, count off
    8. Even numbers to the left, uncover

  11. What AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program ?
    AR 350-1 Chapter 1 Section 24

  12. Soldiers 55 years of age or older have the option of taking the 3 event APFT or what ?
    The alternate APFT.
    An alternate APFT is defined as push

  13. What are the seven basic principles of exercise ?
    1. Regularity
    2. Progression
    3. Overload
    4. Balance
    5. Specificity
    6. Variety
    7. Recovery

  14. What are the three phases of fitness conditioning ?
    1. Preparatory
    2. Conditioning
    3. Maintenance

  15. What are the five components of physical fitness ?
    1. Cardio Respiratory Endurance
    2. Muscular Strength
    3. Muscular Endurance
    4. Flexibility
    5. Body Composition

  16. How many scorers should be supplied for the APFT ?
    A minimum of 1 per every 15 soldiers

  17. What is the DA form 705 ?
    Physical Readiness Test Scorecard

  18. Fitness tasks provide the framework for accomplishing all training requirements. The essential elements of fitness tasks can be cataloged into what four groups ?
    1. Collective Tasks
    2. Individual Tasks
    3. Leader Tasks
    4. Resources required for training

  19. Name the two physical fitness formations ?
    1. Extended Rectangular
    2. Circular


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