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Study Guide › Survival

  1. What is the FM that covers "Survival" ?
    FM 3-05.70

  2. What would your reaction be to an overhead flare at night ?
    Immediately crouch or lie down, stop all movement and close one eye to keep "night vision" in one, while scanning with the other

  3. What are the 9 common senses of Dehydration ?
    (You may only have to name about 5 in a board)
    1. Dark urine with a very strong odor
    2. Dark, Sunken eyes
    3. Low urine output
    4. Fatigue
    5. Loss of skin elasticity
    6. Emotional instability
    7. Thirst
    8. "Trench line" down center of tongue
    9. Delayed capillary refill in the fingernail beds

  4. What are the basic rules for water consumption in an arid area ?
    At temperatures below 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one pint of water every hour.
    At temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one quart of water every hour

  5. Is it always safe to eat and drink what the animals eat and drink ?
    No, some animals are able to eat and drink something that may be harmful to humans

  6. In any situation, cleanliness is an important factor in preventing infection and disease. It becomes even more important in a survival situation. Poor hygiene can reduce your chances of survival. What are some key areas to focus on to maintain good personal hygiene ?
    Keep your hands clean
    Keep your hair clean
    Keep your clothing clean
    Keep your teeth clean
    Take care of your feet
    Get sufficient rest

  7. Name 4 crucial factors in staying healthy
    1. Having adequate food and water
    2. good personal hygiene
    3. Getting sufficient rest
    4. Keeping your immunizations up-to-date.

  8. What is Stress ?
    Stress is not a disease that you cure and eliminate.
    Instead, it is a condition we all experience.
    Stress can be described as our reaction to pressure.
    It is the name given to the experience we have as we physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually respond to life's tensions.

  9. Do we need STRESS ?
    Yes, it has many positive benefits.
    Stress provides us with challenges; it gives us chances to learn about our values and strengths.
    The goal is to have stress, but not an excess of it.
    Too much stress can take its toll on people and organizations.
    Too much stress leads to distress.
    Distress causes an uncomfortable tension that we try to escape and, preferably, avoid.

  10. What are a few of the common signs of distress you may find in yourself or fellow soldiers you may find when faced with too much stress ?
    Difficulty making decisions
    Angry Outbursts
    Forgetfulness
    Low energy levels
    Constant worrying
    Propensity for mistakes
    Thoughts about death or suicide
    Trouble getting along with others
    Withdrawing from others
    Hiding from responsibilities
    Carelessness

  11. What are some of the natural reactions / emotions you are likely to experience in a survival situation ?
    Fear
    Anxiety
    Anger
    Frustration
    Depression
    Loneliness
    Boredom
    Guilt

  12. What are some of the difficulties in operating in arid areas ?
    It is hard to find food, water and shelter.
    Physical movement is demanding.
    Land navigation is difficult.
    There is limited cover and concealment.

  13. What are some methods of improving the taste of wild plants ?
    Soaking
    Boiling
    Cooking
    Leaching

  14. What heat effects must be considered in an arid area ?
    Direct sun
    Reflective heat gain
    Conductive heat gain
    Hot blowing winds

  15. Why should you only drink milk from green coconuts rather than ripe mature coconuts ?
    The milk from the Mature Ripe coconuts contain an oil that acts like a laxative

  16. What are a few types of stresses that you could be exposed to in a Survival setting ?
    Injury,
    Illness
    Death Uncertainty
    Lack of Control
    Environment
    Hunger and thirst
    Fatigue
    Isolation

  17. What is the depth of a hasty fighting position ?
    18 to 20 inches deep

  18. What is "Dead Space" ?
    An area that cannot be fired upon within a weapons sector.

  19. What is "Scanning" ?
    Focusing your attention on an object without looking directly at it. (The proper method to scan is to move your eyes in short, irregular movements)

  20. What would your reaction be to an overhead flare ?
    Immediately crouch or lie down, and stop all movement

  21. What is the Low-crawl used for ?
    To move through places where concealment is limited and enemy fire prevents you from getting up

  22. In order to maintain your heath, what rules must you follow ?
    Prevent dehydration
    Eat sufficient food
    Maintain high personal hygiene.

  23. When you have been firing from one position, what should you do before you move ?
    Roll or crawl a short distance from your position before moving

  24. What is the High-crawl used for ?
    When concealment is good, but enemy fire prevents you from getting up

  25. What is the most important need in a survival situation ?
    Water

  26. What are the five factors for selecting a hide site when evading the enemy ?
    B -blends in with the surroundings
    L -low in silhouette
    I -irregular in shape
    S -small in size
    S -secluded.

  27. What should you avoid when seeking shelter ?
    Avoid using existing buildings or shelters.

  28. What are the eight rules for avoiding detection ?
    1. Identify the threat's capabilities
    2. Avoid detection
    3. Use countermeasures against the enemy
    4. Apply realistic camouflage
    5. minimize movement
    6. Use decoys
    7. continuously avoid detection
    8. Avoid operational/terrain patterns.

  29. What is a "Rally Point" ?
    An area where a platoon or section moves when it has become dispersed.

  30. When you move through tall grass, why do you change direction from time to time ?
    To avoid being seen by the enemy.

  31. What is a hole-up area ?
    After hiding for several days, it is an area where you can recuperate and get or prepare food.

  32. What is a Recon Patrols mission ?
    To provide accurate information on the enemy and terrain.

  33. When is it most feasible to travel while in a survival situation ?
    At night

  34. When should an evader attempt to contact friendly troops once near ?
    When there is enough light to be identified by the friendly forces.

  35. What are the three types of operation orders ?
    1. Warning Order
    2. Fragamentary Order
    3. Operation Order.

  36. What are the five parts to a combat order ?
    1. Situation
    2. Mission
    3. Execution
    4. Support
    5. Command & Control.

  37. When marching on roads during daylight hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers ?
    2-5 meters between soldiers 50 meters between platoons 100 meters between companies.

  38. When marching on roads during night hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers ?
    1-3 meters between soldiers 25meters between platoons 50 meters between companies.

  39. When constructing a defensive position as a platoon or squad, what should the rest of the platoon or squad be doing ?
    Providing Security

  40. What is a patrol ?
    Operations conducted to gather mission critical information.

  41. What is "manually supporting fire" ?
    When weapons are placed in support of neighboring fighting positions (interlaced fields of fire).

  42. What are the three types of movement techniques used in combat ?
    1. High-crawl
    2. Low-crawl
    3. Rush.

  43. When marching, what is the distance that should be covered during the night on a road or cross country ?
    Road = 3.2kilometers per hour
    Cross Country = 1.6kilometers per hour

  44. hen marching, what is the distance that should be covered during daylight hours on a road or cross country ?
    Road = 4 kilometers per hour
    Cross Country = 2.4 kilometers per hour

  45. How long does it take for your eyes to develop their "night vision" ?
    About 30 minutes

  46. What formation is normally used during tactical road marches ?
    Column of two, one file on each side of the road

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